About System Architecture and Components
Horizon Cloud with Hosted Infrastructure consists of the following major components:
- Horizon Cloud Administration Console: The web-based portal used by IT administrators to provision and manage Horizon Cloud desktops and applications, resource entitlements, and images. The Horizon Cloud Management Console provides full life-cycle management of desktops, VMware App Volumes™, and RDSH through a single, easy-to-use web-based console. Organizations can securely provision and manage desktop models and entitlements, as well as native and remote applications, through the centralized Horizon Cloud Management Console. The console also provides usage and activity reports for various user, administrative, and capacity-management activities.
- Horizon Cloud user portal: A web-based portal offering users clientless access to Horizon Cloud desktops and applications using HTML5.
- VMware Horizon Client™: Software-based client installed on a desktop, thin client, mobile device, or tablet that facilitates connectivity to Horizon Cloud-hosted desktops and applications.
- Horizon Cloud tenant appliance: A hardened Linux appliance that provides desktop and application brokering, provisioning, and entitlement services. It hosts the end-user and administrative portals.
- Image or image template: A desktop or RDSH server image that can be used in a Horizon Cloud tenant to create desktop or application assignments. It is used as the base image from which virtual machines (VMs) are cloned.
- Horizon Cloud–hosted virtual desktop: A virtualized and optimized desktop that is hosted in Horizon Cloud. A virtual desktop supports a single connection, delivering a fully functional desktop to the end user. Horizon Cloud agents are installed on the virtual desktop to support a connection from the Horizon Client.
- Horizon Cloud–hosted RDSH: A server-based model for delivering applications and shared full desktops in Horizon Cloud using Microsoft Remote Desktop Services and VMware Horizon technology. Compared to a single connection for each virtual desktop, RDSH servers can support multiple desktop and application sessions from different users. Horizon Cloud agents are installed on the RDSH servers to support connections from the Horizon Client.
- Desktop and services subnets: Unique IP subnets that you assign to allow for desktop, application, and administrative connectivity. The Desktop Zone uses the desktop subnet for virtual desktops and RDSH servers. The Services Zone uses the services subnet for tenant appliances and other utility services.
- Edge Gateway: A gateway that provides network edge security and gateway services to isolate security zones and virtualized networks along with NAT, DHCP, VPN, and a load balancer.
- VMware Unified Access Gateway™: A hardened Linux appliance that allows for secure remote access into the Horizon Cloud environment and is part of the Security Zone (for external Horizon Cloud access) and the Services Zone (for internal Horizon Cloud access).
Note: For more information about features, components, and capabilities, see Service Description: VMware Horizon Cloud Service with Hosted Infrastructure.